Actual Problems of Psychology. Volume 11. Personology. Psychological support person. Issue 18 – 2018


Content of Issue

Actual Problems of Psychology, Volume 11, Issue 18 – 2018

Abstracts and Information about Authors

UDC 159.922.73

Gavryschak, L.І.1, Maksymova N.U.2

1Ivan Franko State Pedagogical University in Drohobych, Ukraine

2Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Analysis of psychological and educational programs for violence preventing in foreign schools

Violation of family relations' harmony as a factor of deviation of child's development. The article is devoted to the problem of formation of child's personality in family according to the degree of relation's harmony in it. A social situation of child's development in the case of violationof relation’s harmony in family system is analyzed. It is shown that the absence of relation's harmony leads to the impossibility of satisfaction of child's basic social needs. If basic social needs are not satisfied, then a child experiences emotional pain, feeling of powerlessness, defenselessness. Living in such emotional condition is dangerous. So long remaining in such psychotraumatic situation without deformation of personal development's process is impossible. The mechanisms of psychological protection work out so, that negative feelings are driven inside. Naturally it occurs subconsciously. With age as the child grows older he/she just forgets about psychotraumatic situations. However, experienced feelings don’t disappear, they are postponed in subconscious and produce «the sites of pain». In the future new similar impressions lay over these «sites of pain» and this causes personality distortions.

The absence of harmonious relationships in the family causes child's controversial attitude to his/her parents, which keeps the child in constant stress. It leads to negative consequences. Types of distortions in personal development depend on the fact what basic social needs were not satisfied in childhood. Personal development can occur in such directions: 1) the emergence of egocentrism, when a child perceives other peoples as a tool (or an obstacle) for achieving his/her goals. The child begins to be fond of only himself (compensational egoism), loses confidence in people, ability to sympathy, sincerity; doesn’t learn to help people and cannot ask for help; 2) rejection of “Ego image”, when a child devalues himself, feels himself unable to do anything, unnecessary to anyone and lives with feeling of emptiness in the heart, which continues to be the reason of addictive behavior; 3) formation of hypersociality (perfectionism), when a person all his life tries to prove that he is worth of respect, and therefore makes an overpower in professional growth, or in accumulation of material goods, or in trying to please everybody.

Key words: harmony, relationships, family, personality, needs, child, deviation, development, mechanism

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):5-21 (pdf)


UDC 159.923

Hrybok, A.O.

Taras Shevchenko National University in Kyiv

Language: Ukrainian

Mental health of military service members of the Ukrainian armed forces as the main factor for their successful execution of combat tasks in difficult and extreme conditions

The article reveals the essence of such phenomena as mental health and psychological stability as factors supporting psychologically the Ukrainian Armed Forces service members during their everyday services and combats. The article analyzes scientific literature on mental health and psychological stability and readiness for actions in extraordinary circumstances. The essence and content of such concepts as "mental health", "psychological stability and readiness of the Ukrainian Armed Forces service members" are determined, their structural components are outlined.

The concept of service members’ readiness for actions in extreme conditions is analyzed. The external signs of service members’ psychological readiness for task accomplished are determined. The article proves that service members’ mental health is the main predictor of their behaviour in difficult or extreme situations and it is determined by their stress tolerance.

Key words: mental health, service members, extreme conditions, adaptability, psychological stability, readiness for actions, emotional-volitional component, cognitive component, individual-professional component, psychological readiness, stress, stress tolerance.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):21-46 (pdf)


UDC 159.923.2

Grys A.M.1, Maksimenko M.Yu.2, Motorna T.M.3

1G.Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of the NAES of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

2Dragomanov State Pedagogical University, Kyiv, Ukraine

3Hryhoriy Skovoroda State Pedagogical University in Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky, Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Emotional factors of self-actualization as mechanisms of personal resources activation

The article reveals the essence and content of psychological factors supporting self-actualization during moving to adulthood. In particular, the views of the representatives of classical scientific approaches are presented, as well as new concepts revealing procedural characteristics and mechanisms supporting disclosure of personal powers. Namely through this process, an individual associates him/herself with society, reveals him/herself harmoniously and in a balanced way and fulfils possibilities for self-development.

During moving to adulthood, the question of self-actualization for an individual becomes the most important. After all, while growing up, along with new social responsibilities and rights, an individual receives the very same resource that is necessary for formation of selfhood and searching for own Self.

Among contemporary psychological concepts, the studies of a person as an integrity, as an actor of own life, having a great potential for new perspectives in autopsychological competence development, are especially interesting. Because of subjective speculation on a personality within the psychological framework, new perspectives and opportunities for studying of self-actualization appears. The article concludes that self-actualization in psychological studies is interpreted as realization of Self, evocation of Self, on the base of searches and approval of one’s own unique path, one’s own individual values and meanings of one’s own existence at every moment of time.

Key words: personify, self-actualization, youth age, motivation, purpose, self-realization, self-improvement.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):46-64 (pdf)


UDC 159.942.2

Grys A.M.1, Travenko O.S. 2

1G.Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of the NAES of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

2G.Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of the NAES of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine


Language: Ukrainian

Emotional styles as determinants of personal trait formation

The article presents the theoretical analysis of the stylistic approach to personal traits of an individual as a holistic hierarchical system. Styles are considered as one of the levels of personal trait determination and individual’s behaviour regulators of an; in spite of a large variety of external manifestations, there are general, generic properties of the styles. In addition to common generic characteristics of the styles, there is also a wide range of differences in style understanding. The subject areas of the styles, namely, emotional, intellectual, and behavioural are highlighted. Types of emotional styles and different approaches to their definition are described. The article emphases that emotional styles and emotional intelligence are not so much two different subjects, but rather different approaches and different scientific traditions in studying of emotional styles, on the one hand, and cognitive and value regulatory mechanisms, on the other. The article proves that different people have different emotional styles, which represent a combination of emotional reactions and experiences, with different manifestations and intensity.

Key words: emotional styles, individual style, personal traits.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):64-82 (pdf)


UDC 378. 091 : 159. 9

Kalmykov, H. V.

SHEE «Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyi state pedagogical university named after Hryhoriy Skovoroda»

Language: Ukrainian

Theoretical and methodological bases of formation in future psychologists the professional verbal activity and communicative competence

In the article is considered the tested in the empirical study approach to solving the modern problem, related to the implementation of higher education standards, and substantiation of theoretical and methodological principles and conceptual structuring of the experimental educational and professional program for development in future psychologists of vocational-speaking activity and communicative competence. The proposed by the author concept is based on the competence paradigm recently adopted in many countries of the world, and envisages taking into account both the working out of this developmental program and specific phenomena implementation in the real educational process of universities («knowledge», «skills», «abilities», «activities», «competence», «competency», etc.) that determine the essence of the idea of achieving a competent effect – the actual effectiveness of higher psychological education.

Key words: professional speech, communication, declarative knowledge, procedural knowledge, professional skills and abilities, competence, competency, activity of a psychologist.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):82-103 (pdf)


UDC 159. 37.015.3

Maksуm, O.V.

G.Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of the NAES of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Resocialization of persons with distortion of development of value orientations

The article substantiates that re-socialization can be considered as one of the most complex social processes, aimed at overcoming a person’s de-socialization, which means restoration of personal qualities necessary for normal life in society, acceptance of new values, social roles and skills instead of lost, deformed or unformed ones, social reorientation on personal development through acceptance of new, positively oriented interpersonal relationships and activities.

Formation of a value system has different features: internalization of values, construction of a hierarchy of values, definition of value orientation, correction of behaviour and formation of necessary values, ensuring of psychological, communicative and methodological conditions.

The article determines that formation of value orientations occurs in the unity of three psychological mechanisms: interiorization, identification, internalization. With their help, a person perceives a value, adopts it, transforming it into his/her own value; and this value, having been adopted, is translated through actions, behaviour in the form of value orientations.

Key words: deviant, socialization, de-socialization, re-socialization, re-socialization stages, value syst

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):103-123 (pdf)


UDC 37.015.3316.614

Maksym, O.V.1, Ryabovol, T.A.2

1G.Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of the NAES of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

2G.Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of the NAES of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Methods to develop empathy of junior schoolchildren having difficulties in adaptation to social environment

The article covers the socio-psychological aspects of work to adapt deviants to the modern socio-cultural environment. The principles and tasks of social rehabilitation, in particular concerning formation of adaptive behaviour models, are presented.

The article provides the methodological recommendations developed on the basis of research on the features of junior schoolchildren’s empathy and self-regulation. Psychological and pedagogical correction of empathy of maladapted schoolchildren can be successful only with united efforts of school psychologists, teachers and parents under a school psychologist’s supervision. Such correction includes: optimizing relationships in the school social environment at all levels; engaging adults and children into a single process allowing them to exchange experiences and to create a safe environment for all participants; assistance in meeting the basic social needs of each child; stimulating socially directed activities of each group.

Key words: deviant, rehabilitation, empathy, self-regulation, maladapted schoolchildren

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):123-142 (pdf)


UDC 159.922.73: 614.876

Maksimov, M.V.

Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv

Language: Ukrainian

Awareness of life experience as an indicator of adaptability

The article discusses the conditions determining successful adaptation to society. It shows that an individual’s personal experience is reflected in the narrative self-story, the basis of which is autobiographical events, uniting symbolically a part of the surrounding objective reality and, at the same time, a part of an individual’s personal subjective existence. It has been shown that such narratives at different age stages have specific structures and meaningful characteristics, which help to reveal personal qualities of respondents and their perception of the world. The performed experiment has proven that such narratives reflects an individual’s adaptability to society, therefore, they can be used as a diagnostic method.

Key words: process of adaptation, personal experience, narrative self-story, diagnostics.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):142-158 (pdf)


UDC 159.923.2

Miseng, D.V.

Institute of Social and Political Psychology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Individual’s lifestyle: operationalizing a concept

The article deals with the problem of operationalization of the lifestyle concept within general psychology approach. The lifestyle is defined as a characteristic of the life activity of an individual, that manifests itself in regular patterns of behavior at different levels of this activity. The peculiarities of lifestyle manifestation were specified on such levels of life activity as general interaction between individual and the world, construction of individual strategies and tactics, cultural preferences. Psychodiagnostic instruments for the assessment of lifestyle of an individual at each of the mentioned life activity levels were described.

Key words: individual’s lifestyle, operationalizing a concept of lifestyle, general psychology approach, interaction between individual and the world, life strategies, life tactics, cultural preferences.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):158-177 (pdf)


UDC 159.91

Overchuk, V.A.

Associate Professor at the Department of Psychology of Vasyl` Stus Donetsk National University

Language: Ukrainian

Language: Ukrainian

Meaningful resourses as a factor in maintaining mental health of personality in overcoming crisis conditions

The article is dedicated to coping behaviour and personal protective mechanisms researches in overcoming crisis situations. Coping reaches a wide range, from unconscious securities to conscious and purposeful ability of overcoming stressful situations. There is a connection between coping and psychological behavior mechanisms. A closeness of meanings coping and psychological behavior mechanisms forces to their separations. Protective mechanisms, in order to overcome psychological stress and anxiety, in most cases distort information. The coping strategy is made consciously, prompting the person to adapt, to cope, to overcome problem situations or to avoid their consequences. The concept of "mechanisms of psychological protection" and "mechanisms of mastering" (coping-behavior) are considered as the most important forms of adaptation processes and the response of the individual to stressful situations that complement each other.

Key words: crisis situations, injury experience, overcoming of crisis situations, psychological adaptation, coping strategy, coping reaction.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):177-192 (pdf)


UDC 159.923.33

Pavliuk, M.M.

Language: Ukrainian

Experience in development of technologies helping students’ independence formation

The article describes our experience in development of technologies supporting a future specialists’ independence. In particular, the article discusses application of personality-developing and subjective-oriented psychological and pedagogical technologies for formation an autonomous, independent, self-governed behaviour of students.

The technology developing future specialists’ independence is offered, which enables future psychologists to participate actively in their professional development by setting the goal to achieve “acme” - a peak, noon of professionalism. Integrative technologies have been used in order to combine different separate sections of studied topics to a complex, purposeful, organizational and substantive basis of future specialists' independence development.

The conclusion has been made that successful development of specialists-psychologists takes place within a personal, active, individual and creative context, not only providing acquisition of basic professional knowledge, skills and abilities, but also supporting diagnostics, self-diagnosis, design, self-design of a future specialist’s personality. Usage of active methods, types and forms of psychological training under the described condition helps to develop an adequate self-assessment of a student's personality, his/her internal motivation, self-control, self-realization, self-correction, self-development.

The article emphasizes that the integrative technology not only helps an individual to acquire professional competence, personality-functional, behavioural readiness for work, but also allows him/her to design and predict his/her further professional self-development.

Key words: an individual’s independence, technologies of personal development, experience, self-awareness, freedom, initiative.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):192-209 (pdf)


UDC 316.483

Pavliuk M.M.1, Arkhipenko, N.M. 2

1Interregional Academy of Personnel Management (IAPM), Kyiv, Ukraine

2Interregional Academy of Personnel Management (IAPM), Kyiv, Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Features of marital conflicts and their consequences

The article describes the general tendencies and specific features of marital conflicts. The modern research approaches to marital conflicts under the conditions of systemic changes in society are revealed; the key role of extended family relationships are clarified; the most important causes of marital conflicts are identified as well as conflicts in a family as a whole; negative emotional consequences of family conflicts in the form of discomfort, stresses, depressions are discussed.

The mechanism of occurrence and development of marital conflicts is analysed. Basic information about structural theories of a personality, mechanisms of psychological defence and their role in marital conflicts are given. Also conflicts are discussed, the reason of which is disharmony in family relations.

The article concludes that the essence of marital conflicts is aggravation of contradictions in the case of inconsistency of views, differences in motives of marriage behaviour. Clashes of incongruous views and interests, goals, etc., are manifested in a situation of a marital conflict.

The article emphasizes that consequences of marital conflict solutions can be both destructive (destructive) and creative (constructive) depending on a degree of conflict resolution, adequacy of the chosen methods of its resolution and family members’ motivation.

Key words: marital conflicts, family relationships, interests, reasons, creativity.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):209-226 (pdf)


UDC 159.944

Pavlyuk M.M.1, Zhuravska, D.S.2, Klimyshyna, N. 3

1Interregional Academy of Personnel Management (IAPM), Kyiv, Ukraine

2Interregional Academy of Personnel Management (IAPM), Kyiv, Ukraine

3Hryhoriy Skovoroda State Pedagogical University in Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky, Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Psychological factors of emotional burnout in professional work

The article discusses the psychological factors of professional work that can lead to professional burnout. The performed theoretical analysis of emotional burnout in professional work is presented. The essence of the "emotional burnout" concept is revealed, the practical recommendations concerning prevention and overcoming of emotional burnout in professional work are highlighted.

The article emphasizes that emotional burnout is an acquired stereotype of emotional, most often professional, behaviour that allows a person to dosage and economically spend his/her energy resources. The emphasis is made also on dysfunctional consequences, when emotional burnout negatively affects professional performance and relationships with other people.

Manifestations of emotional burnout are: the desire to create an emotional distance in relations with others and, thus, to avoid exhaustion; development of a negative attitude to own professional achievements.

The conclusion is made that burnout is not a one-time process, but it is developed gradually, as a process. It begins without warnings until a particular moment, it proceeds slowly, latently, and then, suddenly and unexpectedly, a person experiences a feeling of exhaustion. At the same time, he/she cannot associate this devastating experience with a particular concrete stressful event.

Key word: emotional burnout, professional work, compassion, stress tolerance, self-attitude.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):226-244 (pdf)


UDC 159.923.5

Pavliuk, M.M.1, Kunitska, O.2, Zhuravska, D.3

1Interregional Academy of Personnel Management (IAPM), Kyiv, Ukraine

2Interregional Academy of Personnel Management (IAPM), Kyiv, Ukraine

3Interregional Academy of Personnel Management (IAPM), Kyiv, Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Psychological and pedagogical conditions of vocational guidance effectiveness

The article describes psychological and pedagogical conditions of vocational guidance effectiveness. The correlations between professional self-determination and vocational guidance are revealed. The necessity to understand a personality of a high school student as an actor of professional self-determination is substantiated.

The main aspects of vocational guidance work are presented: socio-economic, psychological and pedagogical. The methods of profession choosing are described: a trial and error method, a blind pursuit, attempts to work in various fields to find the only profession that will provide not only a decent existence, but also the pleasure form the work, and familiarization with the world of occupations, studying the professional requirements and their comparison with own characteristics.

The conclusion has been made that the choice of professional training is one of the important components of readiness for the conscious professional choice; such choise is a complex formation made of interconnected moral-volitional personal traits combined with believes, behavioural styles, knowledge on professions, practical skills and abilities, formed in accordance with the requirements of society and educational opportunities at school.

The article emphasizes that introduced subject oriented education in Ukraine can give positive results only in unity with vocational guidance, on the base of fundamental knowledge and with taking into account the national cultural and historical experience.

Key words: professional self-determination, subject oriented education, interest, educational activities, professional choice.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):244-259 (pdf)


UDC 159.9.316.6

Petrenko, I.V.

Institute of Social and Political Psychology, National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Communicative technologies to resolve social conflicts in the educational field

he article studies peculiarities of the social-psychological communicative technologies and the communicative and technological approach used to resolution of social conflicts in the field of education. The concept of social conflict is specified, the scope of its problematic is determined. The technology of social-psychological diagnostics and design of communicative processes in the educational space is tested. The presented technology - the ORID model - allows a specialist to organize a communicative space in such a way that helps group members to make joint decisions through the discussion of posed issues. This method provides a four-level process of perceiving by an individual of a conflict situation through its objectification, reflexion, interpretation and decision-making, and can be applied, among others, at psychological assistance to help an individual to solve constructively life's tasks and to improve his/her social-psychological competence. The algorithm of focused conversation scheduling is presented. The communicative effects appearing as a result of the social-psychological communicative technology application in the educational environment are: pseudo-convention, pseudo-consensus, chimerical communicative competence. The assumption has been confirmed that social conflict resolution depends on peculiarities of the communicative and technological organization of a communication space of its actors.

Key words: personality, communicative-technological approach, social-psychological communicative technology, ORID-model, interpersonal interaction, regulation of social conflict, educational environment.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):259-274 (pdf)


UDC 331.102.24:364

Raievska Ya.M.

Ivan Ohienko State University in Kamianets-Podilskyi of Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Technologies of organisation the professional communication in a social work

Technologies of professional communication organization in social work. Social work is an urgent requirement of time, and Ukrainian society, in the course of its transformation, will have for a long time a strong need in skilled professionals for its widespread, skilful and effective implementation. This article presents systematization of forms and technologies of professional communications in social work. The classical models of communications are examined and the criteria for professional communication analyses are singled out. The main content of the leading forms of professional communications in social work is revealed.

Key words: professional communication, subject of communication, forms of professional communication, levels of professional communication, technologies of professional communications.


Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):274-287 (pdf)


UDC 159. 923

Riabovol, T.A.

G. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology, Kyiv, Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Experimental model of forecast formation as a mechanism for re-socialization

The article presents the results of the experiment dedicated to the formation of the forecast function of deviant teenagers. The concept of relation between the forecast function and the conscience of the time perspective, life-span orientations, as well as the understanding of social interaction are presented. It has been experimentally confirmed that the underdevelopment of the prognostic function arises as a result of impaired cognitive, emotional-volitional mechanisms and distortions of the personal sphere. The adolescent offenders show the relation between the underdevelopment of the prediction function and such cognitive impairments as: perceptional distortion, memorization and processing of information, comprehension and use of the results, in particular, in planning.

The qualitative characteristics of the perception of the past and present as well as the expectations of the future are described. It is revealed that the hedonistic and fatalistic life perception of the participants of the experiment is associated with distortions of the mass-life orientations of the immature personality. The article points to a distortion in the development of social perceptive abilities, sensitivity, empathy, decentration.

The main directions of the integrated program oriented to the formation of a prognostic function as a mechanism of resocialization, developed on the basis of the research results, are presented. The article states that in the course of the experiment the ability to set goals and plan life is formed. It presents also the results of the second survey, which reveal a positive dynamics of quantitative and qualitative indicators of social intelligence and life-meaning orientations. In this work, the new methodology “Self-analysis leaflet” was used. It was developed by T. Ryabovol and L. Skaba, and can be used as a questionnaire and as a psychocorrectional tool.

Key worlds: school graduates, time perspective, prognostic function, goal setting, planning, critical thinking, life choices.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):287-305 (pdf)


UDC 159.9

Tkachenko N.V.,1 Kosikova E.S.2

1Oles Honchar National University in Dnipro, Ukraine

2Oles Honchar National University in Dnipro, Ukraine

Language: Ukrainian

Personal factors of academic procrastination of undergraduate students

The article discusses academic procrastination as an actual problem, not only having a negative impact on the educational process and personal effectiveness, but also leading to acute emotional experiences regarding students’ own failure, feelings of guilt, dissatisfaction with the educational results.

The theoretical analysis of the corresponding literature in foreign psychology as well as form the post-Soviet counties have led us to the conclusion that academic procrastination is characterized by postponements in fulfilment of any type educational tasks because of interrelation of such characteristics as insufficient formation of learning skills, disorganization, forgetfulness and general behavioural rigor. It has been also determined that students personal characteristics are equally important factors in causing of academic procrastination.

The empirical research, which included young students of Oles Honchar National University in Dnipro (70 people) has determined: the more prominent personal characteristics as the desire to achieve success; purposefulness, perseverance and integrity in task fulfilment, openness to new experience and self- development are, the lower academic procrastination is.

Key words: procrastination, academic procrastination, procrastinator, student, postponement of affairs, personal factors.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):305-326 (pdf)


UDC 159. 947(075)+ 316.628

Filonenko, L.A.

Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of NAPS Ukraine, Kyiv

Language: Ukrainian

Modelling of the process of achievement motivation formation under the conditions of systemic social changes: the theoretical and practical aspects

The problem of an individual’s behaviour in society was and is important, it is manifested especially acute at the stage of social system transformation, during changes of value orientations. The article examines the theoretical and practical aspects of modelling of the process of achievement motivation formation. In particular, it notes that not only the external environment and situations determine an individual’s behaviour, but also internal factors; motivation is an important key to an individual’s behaviour. Realization of the program for psychological correction of achievement motivation for adolescents with socialization problems allows them to acquire skills of self-knowledge about achievement motivation, to develop ideas about people’s needs and motives, to set goal and master technologies for goal achievement, to analyze the causes of failures. Participation in the program for psychological correction of achievement motivation helps adolescents with socialization problem to the express their own position, to maximize their intellectual and rhetorical abilities; to make responsible decisions; to show respect, honesty and tolerance to others; to recognize without insults their own mistake, unreasonable risks, errors of judgment; to have positive achievement motivation; to resolve conflicts; to counteract external pressure or harmful habits; to behave in different life situations accordingly; to develop skills of social and positive behaviour.

Key words: personality, teenager, motive, achievement motivation, avoidance motivation, violation of socialization.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):326-346 (pdf)


UDC 159.923:614.25

Beheza, L.E.

Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of NAPS Ukraine, Kyiv

Language: Ukrainian

Scientific views on the phenomenon of the I-concept of personality in psychological literature

The article discusses the theoretical foundations of the I-concept as a psychological phenomenon, which is a dynamic system of human ideas about himself. «I-concept» is formed under the influence of each individual's own experience. In general, the system itself forms the basis of the highest I-regulation of man, on the basis of which it builds its relations with the world that surrounds it.

A theoretical review of the historical development of the I-concept as a psychological phenomenon from the scientific activities of various researchers in this area (R. Burns, W. James, A. Maslow, K. Rogers, etc.) is offered. It is noted that in the psychological literature there is no unified approach to the interpretation of concepts that describe the I-concept and its determinants, it causes difficulties in the theoretical analysis of this phenomenon. The basis for understanding the concept of «I-concept» is laid in the direction of humanistic psychology, whose representatives (R. Burns, A. Maslow, K. Rogers and others) sought to consider the holistic «I» and its personal I-determination in the social environment.

The structural components of the I-concept of personality, such as «the cognitive component (I-image), emotional-evaluative (I-attitude) and behavioral (I-act)», are theoretically substantiated.

The leading approaches to the study of the I-concept in modern psychology, according to I. A. Druzhninoya, are highlighted, including genetic modeling (V. V. Klimenko, S. D. Maksimenko, A. V. Tolstoukhov, etc.); psychoanalytic (A. Wertman, E. Erickson, J. Marcia, Freud, etc.) interactive (E. Goffman, R. Jenkins, J. Mead, R. Fogelson, etc.); structural-dynamic (E. P. Belinskaya, N. I. Borishevsky, J. P. Vernaya, T. V. Govorun and others) cognitive (G. Breykuell, G. Tajfel, J. Turner and others) narrative ( K. Jerjen, A. Giddens, L. Hagendorn and others.) Transpersonal (S. Groff, K. Groff, A. Mindell, etc.) integrative (V. V. Kozlov, V. Wilberg).

It was found that the I-concept is a phenomenological concept of personality, which is formed individually and procedurally in ontogenesis in accordance with personal life experience. Complex formations of consciousness and I-consciousness of the individual internalize I-analysis, I-esteem, I-acceptance and I-perception during the life path of the individual.

Key words: I-concept, I-concept of personality, personal I-determination, I-esteem, I-realization, I-attitude, I-awareness

Aktual_probl_psihol 2018, 11(18):326-346 (pdf)