Actual Problems of Psychology, Volume 12, Issue 21 – 2015

Abstracts and Information about Authors




Moliako V. A.

G. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAPS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Genetic indicators of world’s images construction in modern informational space

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The article is directed first of all on further analysis of world’s images construction in the conditions of informational saturation, deficit of information, dynamization and mechanization of modern human’s subjective space. Authors approach to the understanding of labyrinthine-flow psychics functioning in dialogical system “human – new information” makes it possible to enrich the theory of constructology with rather essential data, which are taken in theoretical and empirical viewpoints on different age levels by the Psychology of Creativity Laboratory collective (preschool children, junior pupils, juvenile, senior pupils, students). Creative cognitive activity is observed on different material (toys, technical tasks, art, display and advertisement information, religious constructs, orientation on other subject etc.). Wide list of further actual researches in the course of chosen scientific-psychological problem is proposed.

Keywords: information, creative constructology, perceptive processes on different age levels.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21):7-18 (pdf)

UDC 159.95

Aliyeva E. Y.

The National Pedagogical University of M. P Dragomanov, Kyiv

Influence of emotional factors in the formation of students the ability to self-life choices

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The article focused on the content and structure of the components are capable of independent life choices, in particular the cognitive manifestations of personality (high rates of creativity and reflection), motivational and volitional forms (internal locus of control, achievement motivation predominance over the motivation of avoiding failure, the presence of stable value orientations, a high level of self-control), emotional manifestations (emotional stability, low anxiety and frustration), behavioral manifestations (activity and independence, spontaneity, quick response to complex situations and adapt to them, ease of communication, the ability to take risks, actualization). The problem of psychological science studying the ability of independent life choices presented as a study of the essence of life choices, his psychological characteristics, structural components and so on, and almost did not disclose the possibility of its formation during the life of the individual, in particular in the student's age. In this article we consider the ability of students to independent life choices is possible to form on set of psychological factors affecting its timely appearance and intensive development. The study defined our emotional manifestations (emotional stability for rational decision-making, self-esteem to believe in their own strength, anxiety and frustration for reduction of excitement when making choices and effectively to stressful situations) with the help of a complex of diagnostic techniques showed that they have an undeniable impact on the formation of students' capacity for independent life choices. Thus, the high level of formation of students' ability to self-life choices provides a positive attitude toward myself, emotional stability, low anxiety and frustration.

Keywords: capacity for independent life choices, emotional manifestations, emotional stability, self-esteem, anxiety, frustration, self-confidence.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 19-28 (pdf)

UDC 159.922.8:[968-34]

Antyukhova N. I.

Rivne State University of the Humanities, Rivne

А creative potential of a future teacher of foreign languages as a psychological problem

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The article describes and characterizes the directions of scientific researches in Psychology of Creativity in general and Psychology of a creative potential of the person in particular. The actuality of studying the problem of a creative potential of future specialists was justified. A cognitive potential, a moral one, the ethical potential, a communicative one, the aesthetic potential and a creative one of a person were characterized. The components in a structure of a person, which correspond to those indicated potentials, were described. The components distinguished by V.A.Molyako and N.V.Kuzmina in a model of a creative potential of a person according to a teacher of foreign languages were structured. It was justified including into the structure of a creative potential of a teacher of foreign languages a social component. Its substructures were described. It was clarified the meaning of “social creativity” and “communicative competence” in the structure of a creative potential of a teacher of foreign languages. To the structure of social component of a creative potential we attribute the substructure “social creativity” (it contains the ability to self-actualization, social motivation, communicative competence, communicative (verbal and nonverbal) sensitivity, behavioral sensitivity, social imagination, etc.). In the article it was specified the structure of communicative competence of a teacher of foreign languages. It was indicated that communicative competence consists of linguistic, sociolinguistic, strategic, social and psychological competencies. To the structure of a creative potential of a future teacher of foreign languages we include “personal component”, which contains the following substructures: 1) individual qualities; 2) the structures of skills.

Keywords: creativity, a creative potential, the structure of the person, a social component, social creativity, communicative competence.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 28-39 (pdf)

UDC 159.937

Bila I. N.

G. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAPS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Rehabilitation of creative perception

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: Formation of sensory experience, observation, perceptual actions to stimulate the emergence of creative phenomena of perception is an important task of aesthetic upbringing. The important is to fill live with impressions, to create favorable conditions for deeper exploitation of surrounding, to form the skill to see the feature of object, phenomena, their correlation, to urge on seeing of new, to encourage natural aspiration for researching of qualities and characteristics of different materials, to experiment, to invent. Formation of perceptive experience, attendance development provides support and aspiration of cognitive, research activity, creation of developing surrounding, which is favorable to activation of cognition, development of sensory experience, perceptive actions, creative observance, is a condition of creative activity anesthetization. Immediate perception, observation, widening of sensory experience, memory with new images provides the basis of thinking actions, formation of judgments, discourses, and development of creative activity. Skillfully chosen means and approaches of art works perception process activization may help to involve to the world of beauty easily. Effective form, means of sensory sphere development, stimulation of creative perception, is the system of creative task, which provides the support and encouragement of cognitive, research activity. The paper presents the following games: «Discover the beauty», «Researcher», «Why?», «Table of perception», «What do you hear?», «Nature Scent», «What's in the bag?», «Advertising», «What we planned?», «Exhibition», «The Wizard», «Develop observation», «World of things», «What is it like?», «To compare», «Mystery», «Pantomime» and others. Also shown receptions review with works of art. The use of creative task gaming, complex of conditions and developmental techniques provide targeted activation of sensory-perceptual, thinking processes, formation of sensory experience during world creative vision.

Keywords: aesthetic perception, creative perception, motivation, rehabilitation.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 40-48 (pdf)

UDC 159.9

Bondadenko Y. I.1, Kubrichenko T. V.2

1 Oles Gonchar’s Dnipropetrovsk National University, Dnipropetrovsk

2 Oles Gonchar’s Dnipropetrovsk National University, Dnipropetrovsk

Self-attitude of single women

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: In the article specifics of lonely women self-attitude are described, the nature of connections between loneliness and self- attitude indicators of lonely women is established. It has been shown that most of lonely women with the high level of subjective loneliness are characterized by higher rates of self-accusation and closedness than women in marriage. It is noted that a number of self- attitude indicators of the lonely women (global self- attitude, self-esteem, self-affection, self-interest, self-confidence, the others’ relation, self-perception, self-management, self-accusation, self-understanding, reflected self-relation, inherent worth, self-perception and self-attachment) are much lower in comparison with the married ones. Also lonely women reveal higher level of the internal conflictness. Unmarried women with deep actual loneliness trial are characterized by low interest to their own thoughts and feelings, uncertainty in being interesting for others, and also inability to communicate with themselves "as equals". Results of the research can be used by practical psychologists in working with emotional conditions of the women who feel lonely and have negative self-relation indicators.

Keywords: female loneliness, self-assessment, self- attitude, loneliness, personality self-conception, self-image.


Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 49-61 (pdf)


Borovytska O. M.

G. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAPS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Hippocampus and pre-image: an attempt to clarify in the context of psychology of creativity

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The article is about profound factors as configuration mechanisms of creative-thinking activity. The attempt to clarify the concepts of «hippocampus» and «pre-image» as potential categories of psychology of creativity is made. The role of these concepts in the organization and regulation of creative-thinking activity is determined. The concept of «psychological configuration» combined with the concepts of «hippocampus» and «pre-image» is used as a regulatory principle of determining patterns of any acts of human psyche activity caused by the metaphysical foundations as prerequisites for its self-realization. Methodological research is being conducted as one of the potential ways to establish conceptual interaction between «hippocampus» and «pre-image» in the context of the study's key role of metaphysical foundations of development of creativity. The phenomenon of creative activity of the individual is becoming peculiar, and considered as a projection of actualized experiences of an individual as its unified psyche states, to serve as prerequisites for activation metaphysical factors as their spiritual background. Creative state of the individual is considered to be the projection of the structured experience primarily as an activated form of metaphysical experience, aimed at satisfying creative, spiritual, therefore fundamental needs of the individual. The role of neural mechanisms of actualized projections of the hippocampus in the organization and regulation of emotional states as its individual productive creative states is being discussed. Hypothetically, the creative essence is regarded as some metaphysical essence, to serve as a prerequisite for the activation of the so-called metaphysical pre-image, as the original structured form of spiritual experience, determined by the work of hippokampus system of the human body.

Keywords: hippocampus, pre-image, psychology of creativity, creative-thinking activity, creative activity, creative state, psychological configuration, neurons, configuration mechanisms, metaphysical foundations.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 62-77 (pdf)

UDC 159.955

Vaganova N. А.

G. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAPS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Research of perceptive processes in preschool age

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: Article presents the results of research of perceptive processes in preschool age, particularly study of general features of new information creative perception, given in the form of different tasks on recognizing, commenting, interpreting. In the process of active cognitive activity ofchildren perception acquires a purposeful, creative character and supposes compulsory receiving of new information that depends on to what extend a child preserves an ability to see individual peculiarities in the objects. In most cases generality, sketchiness, rigidity of perception starts to dominate. It is important to specifically teach children to percept, because without teaching this process preserves continuity, inaccuracy, and syncretism. In the end of preschool age perception possesses following qualities: abjectness, integrity and sensibility. Perception becomes purposeful process, in which violent actions are distinguished – consideration, search – from schematic, undifferentiated it passes to integral purposeful observation.

Keywords: creative perception, perceptive activity, cognitive activity, abjectness, integrity and sensibility of perception, recognizing, interpreting, new information, pre-school age.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 77-87 (pdf)

UDC 159. 954.4

Vinnichuk I. P.

G. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAPS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Peculiarities of creative imagination development in primary school-age children under present-day conditions

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The article studies the role of modern conditions of society in creative imagination development in primary school-age children by analyzing the factors of negative impact of information society on personality development. Among them are mobile phone overuse, computer game and television addiction, given the general decline of outdoor activities and social role games. It summarizes the previous works by the scientists who investigated the above mental process at this age stage. The article describes play activity transformation in child’s life and communication deficit. The author dwells upon the modern doll phenomenon and its ethical and aesthetic significance for the rising generation upbringing. The article refers to changes in the traditional family hierarchy, the ratio of time spent, types of parent audiences based on their attitude to their duties and the role of these factors in personality development. It outlines the determinants of the subject information environment given its significance for creative imagination development. Present-day consumer emphasis is defined as destructive leverage for the latter. The situation is complicated by children’s isolation from the natural environment. The KARUS training system developed by V.O. Molyako is thought to be a means of creative imagination development. For this purpose it is suggested that it should be adapted and implemented in primary school Fine Art classes.

Keywords: creative imagination, strategy, KARUS, combination strategy, analogizing, remodeling, universal strategy, strategy of spontaneous substitutions.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 87-95 (pdf)


Gulko Yu. A.

G. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAPS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Strategies of mental development of the youngest children

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: In the paper the reasonability of process consideration of intellectual development of a child from position of strategy-activity approach is based. Harmonious functioning of mentality difficult structures is explained by existence of the general regulator and if in the first months of life of a child this regulator because of weak differentiation of psychological structures has only a few features of manifestation, in process of development it gets all large number of characteristic signs. This regulator defines individual specifics of actions, requirements and emotions of a baby, it defines process of creation by the child of own experience and knowledge, and finally, it defines all process of intellectual development. It is possible to call this regulator the strategy of intellectual development. It is explained by existence of such regulator the individual distinctions of development of kids, even those who are brought up and trained in one environment, at twins. Use of concept of "strategy of intellectual development" gives possibilities of a new explanation and studying of illegibility reasons of borders of psychological age, subjective specifics of manifestation of the leading activity and temporary difference of emergence of psychological new growths during the lytic and crisis periods at children of one age. Indicators of strategy of intellectual development of early age children are: existence of one or several kinds of activity to which a child gives preference before others during this period of the development; choice of the preferred subjects by means of what this activity is carried out; specifics of the preferred experimental actions thanks to which the preferred activity always proceeds as experimental; transfer features of a favourite kind of activity in new situations; complexity and variability of new tasks which a child gives to himself.

Keywords: the steam of consciousness, strategy of creative activity, the strategy of finding out of new decision, the strategy of mental development.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 96-105 (pdf)

UDC 159.99

Gusiev A. I.

The Institute of Management and Psychology by The University of Educational Management NAPS Ukraine, Kyiv

Development of tolerance for ambiguity at students psychologists

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: This article argues that contemporary conditions of existence can be characterized as a "new daily", the defining characteristic of which is the high level of both external and domestic uncertainties in any social or personal system. In this regard, the development and formation of tolerance for ambiguity among professionals whose work involves working in a high level of uncertainty is extremely important and promising area of research. Whereby there are new requirements for training of psychologists as professionals able to accompany the formation of the person in the uncertain environment. It is noted that the foreign and domestic scientists made numerous attempts to conceptualize and develop practical methods tolerance of uncertainty. The article provided an overview of international and domestic experience in the practical training of professionals whose work involves working in a high level of uncertainty. Contains a detailed description of the training program of tolerance for ambiguity based on the principles of personality-oriented approach to teaching future psychologists, principles of ekofacilitation interaction by PV Lushin and "Open Space" technology by Harrison Owen. The paper presents the theoretical and methodological basis of the program, and offers a means of psychodiagnostic control of the results.

Keywords: development of tolerance for ambiguity, teaching students of psychology, personality-oriented approach.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 105-114 (pdf)

UDC 159.92

Dmytriyuk N. S.

Lesya Ukrainka East European National University, Lutsk

Theoretical and methodological basis of studying the deprivation problem in psychological science

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The work highlights the problem of analyzing the phenomenon of psychic deprivation in psychological science. In particular, this article describes the theoretical study of scientific approaches to understanding mental deprivation, its causes and psychological factors of its emergence. Specificity and psychological characteristics of the mental deprivation phenomenon are disclosed and described. It is shown that deprivation is a particular danger in the living environment of a person. Self-destruction is presented as the most dangerous depriving deformation of a personality. The symptoms of self-destruction is the increase in crime and drug abuse, suicide attempts and suicidal. This article provides a historical analysis of the problem of mental deprivation. Four periods in the development of deprivation problem are analyzed and singled out. They are: empirical, mobilizing, critical, theoretical-experimental. The author describes the main types of deprivation. All kinds of deprivation have harmful consequences. The cause of deprivation is connected with the choice of the basic psychological need. It is shown that psychological factors of deprivation in childhood is a form of abuse because of specific stimulating environment: isolation and separation. Getting rid of love, family care, early negative experience concerning significant emotional relationships with close people contributing to the child in various abnormalities of psychic and personal development. It is mentioned that the current stage in the study of psychic deprivation problems has important practical value and is not complete and sustainable. Deprivation creates restrictions for entry of the individual into society, the social environment, leads to the construction of inadequate models in interpersonal communication, reduces active attitude to life. Psychic deprivation contributes to the emergence of different deviations, violates psychic and personal development.

Keywords: mental development, deprivation, deprivation, forms of deprivation, isolation, separation.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 114-124 (pdf)

UDC 159.9

Kirichenko V. V.1, Marchyk K. A.2

1 Zhytomyr State University named after Ivan Franko, Zhytomyr

2 Zhytomyr State University named after Ivan Franko, Zhytomyr

Literary canvas of life

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: In the paper describing process influence of information on a mental of modern personality. Self-evident, that modern personality live in information environment which have branching system of media communication and allow to build a relationship many people. We research the problem of the impact of culture on the way of life in an individual. Literary creativity is the highest level of creative activity. Author of the story in a literary work may play the most important life events. The writer can play a most traumatic events of their lives. Traumatic events related to an incompatibility of their own achievements with a standards of culture. Cultural norms restrict social activity of the individual. However, literary author might go out beyond cultural restrictions. The article indicated psychological features of the literature that enables spiritual development. The plot of the novel makes it possible to study the life story of the author and the people who influenced his fate. The author of the novel is one of the main characters of the story who is trying to change his life. However, in reality events will occur or has occurred on another. The author’s approach is based on the basic principles of the concept of creative outlook V.A. Molyako.

In the process of socialization person is learning to not only interact with the environment in the process of joint activity and communication, she is learning to explore the world on an emotional level. So along with mental development emotional development is the subject of social relations. However, the problem remains that the world is saturated with knowledge that will help to know the world, and still there is less experience knowledge.

Keywords: literary creativity, way of life, culture, information, social ecology

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 124-132 (pdf)

UDC 159. 9:62

Kirichenko V. V.

Zhytomyr State University named after Ivan Franko, Zhytomyr

Practical aspects value support of the person in the during of the crisis professional adaptation

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The paper used practical aspects of using the program values support the professional development of the subject of work in the professional adaptation. Results of statistical test practical models use individual psychological assistance in the crisis experience professional adaptation. The principal possibility of using subject-value approach in the value of support workers in crisis professional adaptation. The results of the experimental verification of the efficiency of use of the program and materials to support the value of ideographic research methodology of modelling value consciousness, illustrating changes in the value consciousness of the individual in the process of value support. The possibilities of using the program to support the value depending on the typological characteristics of workers and professional development strategies. The procedure for the study as one of the stages involves providing support employee values considering the organizational and psychological characteristics of professional environment, individual characteristics of the subject of work and situational factors. Investigated the crisis of professional adaptation that are associated with the development of individual skills. Differences adapt to professional predetermined differences in the development of skills, as the resource representation of the individual in a social environment. Contradiction between the individual psychological characteristics of the individual and the objective requirements of the profession accompanied by processes of revaluation of experience of the individual. This can lead to the development of local or global crisis of values that reflect the destructive dynamics of the personal and professional development. The results of the ideographic study, which demonstrates the basic features of the crisis situation in the professional adaptation must change profession.

Keywords: strategy for professional development, crisis of values, value consciousness.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 132-140 (pdf)

UDC 159.928

Kirychevska E. V.

G. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAPS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Strategic approach to the study of religious information’s creative perception process

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The article presents strategic approach to the study of the process of creative perception of religious information for the purpose of further development of the main provisions of system-strategic concept of activity. Our main points derived relying on the position, respectively, which promotes creative perception of the concept design of new images and new pictures of the world variety of scales and subjective significance. Creative perception of religious information encoded in products creativity sacred nature - it is always co-creation with the world. This is done primarily through religious symbols, images, symbols, metaphors that help them to understand the value and meaning. Our research has shown that in adolescence present manifestation of creative perception of religious information, such as the ability to perform analysis of the products of religious art of sign-symbolic, figurative, archetypal form of presentations, the ability to allocate them in a logical and meaningful communication, creating a certain integrity of information on existing in the experience of the recipient of codes of perception. It is obvious that the subjective and objective perception of the world of religious creativity, value of religious experience and faith not only cause an opportunity, but also actualized the need to study the religious creative personality.

Keywords: creative perception, religious information, spirituality, symbol, image, symbol, metaphor.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 140-152 (pdf)

UDC 378.147+612.017+614.253.4

Kozova I. L.

SHEE “Ivano-Frankivsk National Medical University”, Ivano-Frankivsk

Comparative characteristics of the indicators of social-psychological adaptation and students ‘ neuroticism in medical universities in different systems of modern education

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: Creation of the European space of high education is a key factor in promoting mobility and employment of nationals and also in the development of the continent in general. European countries recognized that it is necessary to compare and to make compatible different educational systems for the integration of the educational activity. Ukraine also joined the Bologna Process, where 45 countries exist. Students’ adaptation to learning in high institutions is still an important part of the educational process. The actuality of the research of a young person’s adaptation to learning is reviewed in the article as a subsoil for motivation in getting qualitative knowledge. Psychological aspects of adaptation problems and aspects, which deal with the research of the conditions of the process of adaptation in the Medical University are analyzed in the article. Adverse effect of the bad adaptation is specially stressed. The condition of the future doctors ‘adaptation is compared with the studying in high educational institution according to the traditional and Bologna systems. The condition of neuroticism is reviewed as one of the indicators of the students’ level of adaptation to learning. A special stress is put on the necessity of using the Adaptational acts for the students’ support in Bologna system. Thus, psychological job with the students must include the introduction with the typical problems and situations for the student, motivational component, creation of sensitivity due to the environmental changes and positive thinking.

Keywords: learning process, traditional and Bologna Process of education, learning adaptation, neuroticism.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 153-166 (pdf)

UDC 159.9

Кокарева М. В.

G. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAPS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Typology of advertisement information perception by students

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: In the article research of advertisement information perception is presented not from the point of view of its effectiveness to higher demand for some goods or services, but with the purpose of its psychological features study. It presupposes less traditional approach, namely – distinguishing of creation displays in advertisement information perception. Basing on the analysis of correlation between students’ perceptiveness to information with advertising content and their creativity, we distinguished and described the types of advertisement information perception by students. The first type is characterized by high level of creativity and high perceptiveness to information with advertising content. The second – by high level of creativity and low perceptiveness to advertisement information. The third type is characterized by low level of creativity and high perceptiveness to information with advertising content. The fourth – by low level of creativity and low perceptiveness to advertisement information. Psychological peculiarities of advertisement information perception by the students of defined types according to the features of their creativity (risk, inquisitiveness, complexity and imagination) are described. Also the differences between the types of advertisement information perception by students in dominating perceptive modality (visual and audio) are shown. Рractical recommendations for students, who perceive the advertisement information and for those, who needs to present some information more effectively are given.

Keywords: perception, world outlook, creation, advertisement information, students’ perceptiveness to advertisement information, types of advertisement information perception.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 166-174 (pdf)

UDC 159.92

Kostyuchenko Е. V.

Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts, Kyiv

Рerception art in the recreation

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: Defined the role of recreational artistic perception as a cooperative creative process of understanding art (which "reflect", "raising", "representative", "calling" fills the inner world of human spiritual involves getting aesthetic pleasure) and play a multidimensional and multi-artistic image. It was found that with perceptual actions is: sensory as the ability of the senses finely and accurately perceive, distinguish and selectively respond to stimuli, automatic fixing of a new object, a vision of the whole or parts of the external shape and internal essence of things, known in unknown, unknown to the known, individual and universal at the same facility, a combination of positive and negative; synesthesia as a fusion of sensations in a "generalized image". The act of artistic perception is presented as a process of understanding works, which included the entire human personality with its Outlook, ideals, moral feelings, attitude to life that promotes creative activity as a result of internal work on the mastery of psychological, emotional, informational, and cultural impact of the products of artistic creativity.

Keywords: art, artistic creation, artistic perception, artistic image.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 174-183 (pdf)

UDC 159.9:167.7

Kryvtsova N. V.

Odessa national medical university, Odessa

Postnonclassical approach to personal fulfillment

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The article presents the results of theoretical and empirical research as a form of self-identity in the context of its self postneklassiki. Analysis of the results of the study will allow to consider personal development - an open self-organizing system / environment as a transition from one relatively stable state to another, showing that each level corresponds to a certain level of self-realization of spatial - temporal organization of personality. Complications which is accompanied by changes in the level / type of self-realization, becomes a condition for the transition from the level of the individual to the implementation of the reproductive level of creative self-realization.

Keywords: level of self-realization, space – time self-organization, open nonlinear self-organizing system, postneklassika, psihosinergetika..

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 184-193 (pdf)

UDC 159.922.76

Lypka N.V.1, Ostrovska K.O.2

1 M.Dragomanov National Pedagogical University, Kyiv

2 Ivan Franko Lviv National University, Lviv

Psychological barrier for socialization of adolescents with autism spectrum disorders

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The paper highlights the features of adolescence in teenagers with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). An analysis of studies of leading scientists in this field was conducted. Analysis of research revealed the following variations of development of ASD adolescents: puberty begins later than in healthy adolescents; deviation of hormonal development, lag in growth and weight. The above changes may provoke deficit of nervous system - seizures and endocrine pathology. Since these issues for teenagers were insufficient researched, the work was first raised a question to apply research results for ASD children on physiological and psychological characteristics of adolescents. The features of the patients were considered: the fear associated with the school, academic achievement, the fear associated with the definition of its own place in a group of peers, the fear associated with sexual needs; complications associated with eating: anorexia, bulimia; different dependence; destructive behavior, crime and suicide attempts, excessive aggression; mental disorders, i.e. depression. In this paper represented by the article's author first developed a classification of factors that restrict the socialization of adolescents with ASD. As a result, it was identified the components of complications in adolescent socialization: fear, hostility, depression, aggressive behavior, autoaggression, inadequate self-esteem, passivity, dependent on external circumstances. It was shown that a successful example of overcoming such situations is to stay sick teens in a day care center for people with disabilities. According to the statistical data of more than one-quarter of the teenagers with ASD have a chance to adapt to more complex social conditions of adulthood.

Кeywords: autism, socialization, professionalism, teenager, complicate situation, environment.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 194-202 (pdf)

UDC 159.9

Mazilov V. A.

Yaroslavl state pedagogical university, Yaroslavl

Creativity and thinking, psychology and philosophy

Language: Russian

Abstract: This article states that currently psychology does not have acceptable theory of poetry. Moreover, it is argued that even scientific creation in psychology is considered superficially, psychology does not pay the necessary attention to the analysis of its intimate mechanisms, in particular, the relation of thinking and knowledge. As a result, it overlooked that the main problem of the creative process is not a new discovery, but overcoming of misconceptions that prevents this discovery. A typology of the difficulties in the work is proposed. It is alleged that in the development of this problem, very promising is an approach, which is presented in a new book by V.D. Shadrikov "Thought and knowledge." This approach provides the opportunity to match the thoughts, images, symbols, which is important for describing and understanding of poetry. The article notes that to change an existing adverse situation in psychology, recorded above, certain steps are required. It is necessary to develop the philosophy of psychology as the upper level of the methodology of psychology. We believe that the development of this level of scientific psychology can help to build the necessary bridges that would connect in psychological research yet poorly joinable (for example, to give a psychological theory of poetry).

Keywords: poetry, psychology, creativity, creative thinking, philosophy, philosophy of psychology.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 202-211 (pdf)

UDC 159.928

Maziar O. V.

Zhytomyr State University named after Ivan Franko, Zhytomyr

Psychophysiological factors of giftedness in the works of I.A. Sikorsky

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The problem of endowments in beginning ХХ of century is considered in connection with psychophysiological factors of development of the person. In I.O. Sikorsky's this question proves importance of a role of a heredity, including the mental. Thus education is sometimes the promoting factor sometimes resisting to deployment of natural abilities. Thereby it comes nearer to idea irreducibility endowments to psychophysiological features and their understanding as inclinations. At the same time I.O. Sikorsky attaches great value to an ethnopsychological element of development of the person which imposes essential restrictions on development of its endowments. Congenital psychophysiological material should be developed under the influence of favorable socio-cultural conditions, temperament traits of a gifted person should be transformed into characterological qualities. Therefore physiological and psychophysiological factors are the basis for the establishment of a gifted person. I.O. Sikorsky did not share the widespread opinion at that time that the talent certainly is compensatory in nature and is a manifestation of unilateralism of the mental development of a man. He defends the idea that the gifted personality must be developed comprehensively. So one way of the giftedness development are changes in psychophysiological and physiological level of functioning.

Keywords: structure of the personality, talent, a heredity, ability, the inclinations, temperament, character.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 211-218 (pdf)

UDC 159.947.5

Маkarenko S. S.

Lviv State University of Life Safety, Lviv

Methodical bases of research of psychological problems of influence of motivation on educational-professional activity of students

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: In the article the psychological features of influence of motivation are considered on educational-professional діяльность of students. Influence of personality-motivational sphere of students is certain on mastering by them educational material. The analysis of the last researches and publications of home and foreign scientists is presented on questions motivation of activity of man. It is well-proven in theory, that methodical bases of research of psychological problems of influence of motivation on educational-professional діяльность of students are built on understanding of educational motivation, as a variety of the motivation plugged in activity of studies. As well as any other kind, she is determined, by the educational system, educational establishment, where educational activity comes true; by organization of educational process; that study (age, sex, intellectual development, capabilities, level of solicitations, self-appraisal, co-operating with other students and others like that) the subject features of people; by the subject features of teacher and first of all system of his attitudes toward a student to business and by the specific of educational object. A hypothesis is confirmed about that two main factors have an influence on the process of mastering of educational material students - external and internal. External factors are complication of educational material, condition of educational activity and other To the internal factors take motivation, degree of adaptation to the terms of educational activity, intellectual activity. The prospects of further psychological researches of the dynamic aspects of motivation of educational-professional activity of students oriented to the study are outlined

Keywords: reason, motivation, motivation of studies, personality-motivational sphere, educational activity.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 218-229 (pdf)

UDC 159.954

Medvedeva N. V.

G. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAPS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Creative perception study in the context of L. Vygotsky's theoretical conception

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: In the paper the perception problem is analyzed, an attempt to concern this problem in the context of the processes of external mediation research is made, namely the processes of interiorization and exteriorization as regards the problem of psychological features of reality creative perception study, within the scope of L. S. Vygotsky’s cultural-historical theory of higher mental functions development. Themain attention is focused on the problem of art perception. Moreover, the key components of L. S. Vygotsky’s cultural-historical paradigm, also known as social cognitive theory, are thoroughly reviewed and analyzed. It is shown that outlined role of cultural and social in the development and formation of human personality, is widely used both by domestic and foreign scientists in modern psychological researches. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the three basic principles of personal development within specified paradigm. It is noted, that on the basis of his researches L. S. Vygotsky put the following two hypotheses: the hypothesis of indirect nature of human mental functions and hypothesis about the origin of internal thinking processes. A key conclusion is that the L. S. Vygotsky’s conception maintains powerful heuristic potential for modern psychology, including and especially for cultural-historical psychology.

Keywords: cultural-historical development theory of L .S. Vygotsky, artistic images, perception, creative perception, art perception, perception, creativity.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 229-238 (pdf)

UDC 159.9+316.6

Kryganovska Z. J.1, Mitlosh A. V.2

1 Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University, Lutsk

2 Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University, Lutsk

Psychological features of professional personal image of female teacher perception by university students

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The publication is devoted to analysis of theoretical and empirical research of psychological features of professional personal image of female teacher perception by university students. The basic concepts of the image, reputation and prestige are defined. The main components of the teacher’s image and the differences between professional personal image perception of male and female are characterized. Empirical research was held in several stages. The first stage consisted in identifying signs, which consist the first impression about the teacher. In the second phase of the research questionnaire developed by the author was used and the assumption that the color of clothing is a significant element of the professional image of female teacher was confirmed. During the third stage a modified form of semantic differential developed on the basis of «classical» Differential by Charles Osgood was used making it possible to find semantic characteristics of each color in the perception of the subjects. At the final stage of the study projective technique developed by the authors was used. It was eight static images of women, dressed in a suit of the same classic style, but executed in different color solutions according to eight basic colors offered by Max Luscher. It was theoretically and empirically proved that the first impression influences the professional personal image of female teacher. During the research we found out that the color of female teacher clothes is one of the important components of its professional image.

Keywords: image, professional personal image, teacher image structure, features of image perception, emale business image, methods of image psychodiagnosis.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 238-246 (pdf)

UDC 159.922.27

Moskalenko V. V.

G. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAPS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Features of “economical” and “cultural” in the economic culture of the personality

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: This article discusses some of the theoretical approaches to the analysis of correlation between economic and moral in the senses of the subject of economic activity. It proves, that economic culture phenomenon is determined by the features of economic space and reveals through the economic-psychological peculiarities of “economy” and “morality». The article focuses on the need to clarify the concept of "economic" and "moral" in the analysis of the economic culture of the person. Rationality as a characteristic of “economic” in personality economic culture is defined. In the context of culture the "morality" is analyzed, it is shown that morality is a sign of economic culture. It is shown that “economy” in economic-psychological personality characteristics, determining its culture, is defined by the ability of personality to see economic sense in the objects that are natural per se. Particular attention is paid to the relationship between economic and moral in groups of different levels of economic activity. Study analyzed the attitude to the compliance with ethical standards in business groups of government and non-government institutions. It is proved that the level of economic activity of the subject determines his understanding of moral qualities and to compliance with ethical standards.

Keywords: economic, moral, economic culture of the person, the relationship between economic and moral, economic activity, to compliance with ethical standards, the inner moral conflict.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 246-258 (pdf)

UDC 159.9.075

Mul S. A.

M. P. Dragomanov National pedagogical university, Kyiv

Differential characteristics of professional activity of the border control officer

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: In the article due to analysis of the operational service activity of border guard detachments presents the differential characteristics of professional activity of the border control officer. Take into account that some characteristics of the border guard have important applied significance in practice of training, guidance, researching the competency to perform the tasks of the border control by the defined officer. In addition the quality of official tasks performance depends on the readiness of the officers to serve in State border guard service at all, as a specific kind of activity. The readiness to professional activity of border guard is a result of all-round development of the individual and taking into account all demands of State border service. Within-named readiness is achieved with the psychological, physical training and professional education of the officers. The main feature of the moral-psychological development and vocational training of border control officers is realization of the purposeful psychological preparing to activity in extreme conditions. Required feature of a border control officer is presence of stable moral-psychological characteristics. In the first place, as a senior of border duty detail in admission point through the State border, he is a head of committed staff of border duty detail and admission point. Communicability of a border control officer is significant for his professional activity. Differentiation in the approach to communication with different categories of citizens ensures a border control officer effectiveness of his tasks realization.

Keywords: border control, officer, activity, characteristics, border crossing point.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 258-266 (pdf)

UDC 159.937

Naydonova L. M.

G. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAPS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Psychological features of perception of screen information in adolescence

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The article analyzes the problem of the perception of screen information in adolescence, defines the concept and the types of screen information. A review of studies of perception of screen information is presented and psychological characteristics of this perception are marked. The perception of specific and non-specific screen information is clarified. The peculiarities of perception in adolescence and age norms of interaction with the information space for the younger (social intelligence, humor and understanding of abstract thinking, emotional development, and critical lack of experience) and senior (idealization of idols, moral development, and criminal problems, check its limitations, the impact of group) adolescents are observed. The influence of the perception of violence as one of the most risky types of screen information (indifference to violence, increase in aggressive behavior and its normalization, fear of becoming targets of violence) is observed. The features of perception of human mediated by screenare are clarified. We also consider the research of the effect of the presence and the main factors that influence on it. The development of metacognition and reflection in particular, which can reduce the risk of perception of screen information in adolescence is proposed. The development of critical thinking and media education also have great potential for solving these problems.

Keywords: perception, visual perception, interpersonal perception, screen information, adolescence.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 267-275 (pdf)

UDC 159.947.5

Podshyvailov F. M.

Institute of a gifted child of NAPS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Dynamics of emotional orientations as a component of students-psychologists motivational sphere (based on longitude study data)

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: Results of four-year longitudinal study of emotional orientations as a component of students – future psychologists motivational sphere is elucidated in the article. Taking into account format of the article, other components of students-psychologists motivational sphere researches will be presented in further publications. Review of emotional orientations is based on the B. I. Dodonov’s emotions classification. Statistical method Page’s L-criterion, which is indispensable in the statistical analysis of longitudinal studies data, is described. With the help of this statistical method application certain stability of students’ emotional sphere structure over a period of study was revealed. Emotional orientations as a motivational sphere component of student-psychologist’s personality are represented by dominating of communicative, hedonistic, praxic and altruistic emotions. More detailed analysis of the research results indicated existence of psychological-pedagogical problem of disagreement in the conditions of study on credit-module system and emotional experiences, which students prefer. Whereas gender parameter is not taken into consideration in the research, widening of sample and deeper analysis of students’ emotional orientations structure with gender differences taking into account is a perspective of further researches.

Keywords: motivational sphere of personality, motivational emotions’ classification, emotional orientations, dynamics of students-psychologists’ emotional orientations, longitude study, Page’s L-criterion.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 276-284 (pdf)

UDC 159.92.27

Tereshcenko M.V.1, Shaposhnikov A.D.2

1 Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University, Kyiv

2 Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University, Kyiv

Influence of illusory world picture on children-parents relations

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: Article is devoted to the notion “world picture”, “illusory world picture”, and “human potential”. Life scenario as one of the aspects of illusory world picture diagnostics is considered. Scenario – is some finished formula, which person follows in own life. Person, acting with formula – is not real personality. Common phenomenon with scenario is notion of prototype. Such personalities are the most part of humanity. Dangerousness of life in world of illusions is substantiated. Person may be under the influence of multitude illusions, but their ground is put in the family. Great attention concerning the influence of illusory world picture on personal, and thereafter, creative potential of a child. It is pointed out, that creation – is a possibility to find new ways of problem solving or new forms of expression. The influence of ideal image of a child on its further life and realization by a child of its dispositions is exposed. Parents, if filling the ideal image with all possible abilities, which they would like to form in their children, not willing to see and, thereafter, reckon with real potential of a child, may prevent real personality development of a child. Some illusory attitudes of parents concerning children are shown. The basis of illusory attitudes is non-acceptance of a child what he is, willing to reform him, to deprive of autonomy and right of decision making, using of “humane” methods of punishment. Some advises concerning overcoming of illusions in family relations are given. The basis of illusory world picture overcoming is love in married couple and between parents and children. Married couple, in which love dominates and who love their child, is looking for reasons of difficult behavior of a child, treat a child with understanding and respect. For such parents the question how to respect the fillings and needs of their child, not to allow to make chaos from the home and family life, becomes common looking for solving of different and interesting task.

Keywords: world picture, illusory world picture, conceptions, children-parents relations, family, personality development, creation, potential, life scenario, love.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 284-293 (pdf)

UDC 159.92

Tkach B. M.

G. S. Kostiuk Institute of psychology of NAPS of Ukraine, Kyiv

Neuropsychological approach to understanding of ADHS: etiology, diagnostics, correction

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: Modern condition of problem of attention deficit with hyperactivity syndrome (ADHS) is considered. Etiology, epidemiology, pathogenesis and diagnostic criteria of ICD-10 and DSM-IV are also considered in the article. Neuropsychological and behavioral peculiarities of children with ADHS like inattention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness are characterized here. Structural and functional system of moral behavior and hedonistic motivation are studied. Involvement of orbit frontal cerebral cortex of prefrontal brain areas dysfunction in ADHS appearance is shown. Comorbidities like infraction of sleep structure, affective disorders, headache, enuresis, irritable bowel syndrome, etc. and related disorders, for example, disorders of studying, motility and communication are described. Features of ADHS of modern children are studied through direct observation and survey among parents and teachers about behavior peculiarities of children. Tendencies of socializing process of these children in school environment are shown. Practical recommendations (how to deal with ADHS children, how to make socially acceptable conditions for development and peculiarities of educational process) are presented. To provide psychological assistance for people with ADHS we propose using a brigade model owing to which modification of behavior, psychotherapy, educational and neuropsychological correction and medical accompaniment make good results. It means ADHS child realizes his or her features and learns to consider them in different situations. The brigade includes the neuropsychologist (detection of weak links in high psychical functions and replacing them with strong ones, forming of adaptive behavior models), school psychologist (integration into school environment), family psychologist (harmonization of family relations), teacher (motivation and optimization of educational process), parents (right and adequate family education), neurologist or psychiatrist (differential diagnostics of comorbidities, medical assistance). Main disadvantages of existing criteria for ADHS diagnostics and advice for criteria optimization in the following reconsideration by WHO and American psychiatric association are shown in the article.

Keywords: attention deficit with hyperactivity syndrome (ADHS), neuropsychological diagnostics, neuropsychological correction.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 293-303 (pdf)

UDC 159.98

Chychuga М. M.

National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv

The methods of prevention of destructive mental states of branch of heads of social and psychological services of penitentiary institutions

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The article developed architectural training aimed at the prevention and correction of destructive mental states and properties of branch of young of heads of social and psychological services of penitentiary institutions which work up to 3 years in penal institutions. Is tested the authoring program of training in May - November 2014 on the basis of the Faculty of the Institute of Executive Service of the National Academy of Internal Affairs. Is determined that training consists from four modules: update of problems of destructive mental states in the penitentiary personnel; identifying of main destructive mental states that are present in the profession of branch of heads of social and psychological services; techniques to minimize the impact of destructive mental states on the effectiveness of performance and personality of branch of heads; forming an active personal position to counter the impact of destructive mental states of the effectiveness of professional activity and personality of branch of heads of social and psychological services of penitentiary institutions. Is developed the quantitative and the qualitative analyzes of the results of the training and the analysis of statistical data using not parametric criterion of Manna-Whitney showed that changes in destructive mental states and an employee qualities took place. Is found that the program of prevention and correction of destructive mental states of branch of heads of social and psychological services of penitentiary institutions are effective.

Keywords: destructive mental states, correction, professional burnout, professional deformation, prevention, training.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 303-312 (pdf)

UDC 159.96

Sheleg L. S.

National Academy of Internal Affairs, Kyiv

The classification of concepts and the basic signs of psychosomatic disorders

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: During the first half of the twentieth century we have identified three relatively distinct of research the areas of psychosomatic status of the individual: Western European (mainly, German), Russian (Soviet Union) and the USA. Each of them was based on some theoretical and methodological basis. This allows us to offer the following typology of the relevant concepts: 1) psychoanalytic – were devoted to the interaction of conflict aspects of personality (instinct, intellect and consciousness); 2) psychophysiological – were based on the postulate of the unity of the brain, mental and physical manifestations; 3) psychodynamic – were focused on establishing personal specifics origin and course of psychosomatic disorders. The first group includes the concept of conversion (Doetsch F.), «the meaningful activities «Id» (Groddek G.), «the organ neuroses» (G. Heyer and E. Vitkover) and others. The second group is represented by the theory of conditioned reflexes of I. Pavlov, «organ inferiority and its psychical compensation» (A. Adler), «a vegetative emotional support» (W. Cannon), a stress (H. Selye) etc. To the third group we include the concept of «specificity intrapsychological conflict» (F. Alexander), «the personality profile» (F. Dunbar), «the accented personality» ( K. Leongard), the alexithymia (P. Sifneos) and others. The classification of B. Luban-Plotstsa provides: 1) the psychogenic disorders without organic manifestations; 2) the functional psychosomatic syndromes (cardioneurosis, migraine, depression hidden, etc.); 3) psyhosomatozis; 4) psychosomatic disorders, which associated with features of emotional response. Psychosomatic disorders – the result of the negative impact of the specific characteristics of individual emotional response to the stressful situation or chronic trauma on the functioning of organs or systems.

Keywords: psychosomatic status of a person, typology, classification, psychosomatic concepts, psychosomatic disorders, alexithymia.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 313-321 (pdf)

UDC 371.132

Shopina M. A.

Kyiv University named after Boris Grinchenko, Kyiv

Psychological peculiarities of creative potential implementation among the educators of pre-school centers on the conditions of professional improvement

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: This article focuses its attention on the notion of the creative potential development among the teachers of preschool centers. This notion is treated as the combination of social cultural and creative characteristics of teacher from pre-school education that is ready to improve its pedagogical activity. This article analyses the approaches towards the specificity of psychological traits revealing together with the possibilities of creative potential implementation. This article reviews the peculiarities of pre-schools establishment’s educators’ creative potential development at improvement courses. It traces various peculiarities of person creative potential development, defines the methods of pre-school establishments educator creative potential improvement. At the same time it reviews the factors causing the creative potential development among pre-school establishment educators as dynamic personality structure implemented in form of integration of valuable, cognitive and activity components. This article reviews various forms of cooperation with the educators of pre-school establishments. The following methods such as creative tasks solving, methods of psychological activization of creativity, brain storming method have shown high efficiency in their work with pre-school establishment educators.

Keywords: educator, creativity, professional potential, creative tasks, professional development

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 321-328 (pdf)

UDC 159.947.24

Shcherban T. D.

Mukachevo State University, Mukachevo

Research of the responsibility in the system of future specialists selection

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The peculiarities of the relations between psychological phenomena of "professional commitment" and "responsibility" in the context of formation of professional competence have been considered in the article. The cognitive and regulatory processes of types of the vital worlds of personality to ensure the integrity of the selection of future specialists have been distinguished. The analysis of influence of "ability to give an answer" for the system of the professionally-oriented strategies of behavior of individual has been carried out. The empirical results prove that the students of senior courses have a considerable change in direction of external control that on the whole negatively affects on the forming of level of responsibility and entails unreadiness of personality to the development of professionally-important internalss of future specialists. In other words, the psychological fact of delegating responsibility to other people in this case characterizes subjects with a high externality factor in these scales, such as that demonstrate an inability to meet the professional requirements of their chosen profession. Demonstration of responsibility at the level of professional activity is certainly a result of personal-formed positions the ability to act responsibly. Analysing the typology of the vital worlds of individual, the certain modification in perfomance intentions that conduce to the morally-responsible choice has been distinguished. This fact is explained not only by ontogenetic development of personality, it confirms the modifications of determined typology, in accordance with the features of object and facilities of professional activity. Thus, professional readiness is invariable by its structure, typical in the reflection of the functions and variable relatively to individual display.

Keywords: professional selection, professional readiness, professional liability, types of life-worlds of the individual.

Aktual_probl_psihol 2015, 12(21): 329-340 (pdf)